7 Simple Physical Therapy Training for Your Hand Injuries

Suffering an injury to your hand can be both painful and frustrating. However, with the right physical therapy exercises, you can aid your recovery and regain functionality in your hand. This article will discuss seven simple practices that can help strengthen your hand muscles, improve flexibility, and restore your range of motion. These exercises are designed to be performed at home and are suitable for individuals with various hand injuries. Always consult with a Hand Specialist in Dallas before starting any exercise regimen.

Finger Flexion and Extension:

This exercise helps improve finger strength and flexibility. Hold your hand on a table or a flat surface, palm down. Slowly curl your fingers into a fist, touching your fingertips to the base of your palm. Hold this position for a few seconds, then slowly extend your fingers, spreading them as wide as possible. Repeat this activity for 10 to 15 repetitions, gradually increasing the intensity as your hand heals.

Thumb Opposition:

Thumb opposition exercises promote coordination and agility in the thumb. Start by placing your hand on a flat surface, palm up. Touch the tip of your thumb to the end of each finger, one at a time, while keeping your other fingers straight. Reprise this exercise for 10 to 15 repetitions, gradually increasing the speed and precision as your hand strength improves. This exercise helps improve fine motor skills and thumb control, benefiting individuals with arthritis or post-surgical hand rehabilitation.

Hand Squeezes:

Hand squeezes help improve grip strength and increase blood flow to the hand muscles. Begin by holding a soft stress ball or a rolled-up towel. Squeeze the object as tightly as possible without causing pain, and have the squeeze for a few seconds. Release & reprise the exercise for 10 to 15 repetitions. As your hand becomes more robust, you can use a firmer object like a tennis ball. Hand squeezes benefit individuals recovering from tendonitis, sprains, or fractures.

Wrist Flexion and Extension:

Wrist flexion and extension exercises promote mobility and strength in the wrist joint. Start by resting your forearm on a table or armrest with your hand hanging off the edge, palm facing down. Gently lift your hand upward, bending your wrist as comfortably as possible. Hold this position for a few seconds, then slowly lower your hand. Recite this workout for 10 to 15 repetitions, gradually improving the range of motion as your hand heals. Wrist flexion and extension exercises are particularly beneficial for individuals with carpal tunnel syndrome or wrist sprains.

Finger Abduction and Adduction:

This exercise helps improve finger control and coordination. Start by placing your hand on a flat surface, palm down, with your fingers extended and slightly apart. Slowly raise your fingers apart as far as possible, then bring them back together. Reprise this movement for 10 to 15 repetitions. As your hand strength improves, you can increase the resistance by using a rubber band or a finger stretcher. Finger abduction and adduction exercises are helpful for individuals recovering from conditions such as finger fractures or ligament injuries.

Finger Tendon Glides:

Finger tendon glides promote flexibility and enhance tendon movement. Begin with your hand extended, fingers straight. Start by bending the middle joint of your finger, bringing the tip of your finger towards your palm. Next, straighten the finger and turn the first joint, followed by the second one. Repeat this sequence for each finger, performing 10 to 15 repetitions. This exercise helps prevent stiffness in the finger tendons and is particularly beneficial for recovering from conditions such as trigger finger or after hand surgery.

Hand and Finger Stretch:

Stretching exercises help improve flexibility and range of motion in the hand and fingers. Start by extending your hand in front of you, palm facing down. Pull each finger back towards your body, stretching the palm and fingers. Maintain the stretch for 10 to 15 sec, then release. Repeat the time for each finger. You can also try the thumb by gently pulling it away from the palm and holding it for 10 to 15 seconds. Perform these stretches two to three times a day to maintain hand flexibility and prevent stiffness.


These seven simple Occupational Therapy in Dallas, TX, provide a foundation for hand rehabilitation and can benefit various hand injuries. However, it’s important to remember that every damage is unique, and it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional or a certified hand therapist for an accurate diagnosis & personalised treatment plan. Regular practice of these exercises, combined with proper rest and care, can significantly aid your hand’s recovery process.


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